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圖錄編號
561
圖錄編號 561
初步估價 160,000 - 250,000 €
This is a lot of a former auction!

Ilbery專業鐘錶家,倫敦,機芯號 6654,62 x 88 mm,159 g,約 1810

博物館收藏價值的鑲珍珠黃金琺瑯“水蜜桃“造型懷錶,為中國市場製造。據我們所知,全球一共只有八只這種水蜜桃懷錶,這只是其中有最大錶徑且品相最佳的懷錶。這也是Ilbery鐘錶家當時在市面上推出的第一只意義深遠又價值非凡的懷錶

錶殼: 黃金琺瑯和半珍珠。錶盤: 琺瑯。機芯: Lepine設計的橋式機芯,鑰匙上弦,鍍金,華麗的花卉雕飾,品牌印記,華麗花卉雕飾的飛馳彈簧座,複式擒縱,螺絲旋轉的三臂式精鋼擺輪,梯形鐘錘,細膩鏤空雕花擺輪盤及鑲紅寶石擺輪。

錶殼背面是全面豐富色彩琺瑯及嬌嫩漸層顏色,以便更近水蜜桃的真實性。由莖幹衍生出兩片鑲半珍珠半透明綠葉栩栩如生附在水果本身,而由繩結編成的莖幹同樣鑲嵌不同大小珍珠。

錶正面則是半透明紅琺瑯水滴點綴的嫩綠鑲邊白色琺瑯錶盤,正中心有鑲滿細小半珍珠的裝飾帶,羅馬數字的錶盤上附有黃金心形中置秒針。

按下側邊的小巧單鈕,看到的是Ilbery鐘錶家典型的附中國風格複式擒縱的機芯,機芯的裝飾極盡奢華,譬如半透明和不透明交錯搪瓷琺瑯黃金內部中心

藍白點綴的幾何圖形,再加上黃金葡萄葉及不透明葡萄裝飾的黑色滾邊。另外,在這華麗雕飾的機芯上,除了品牌印記外,旁邊刻有機芯號 6654。

出處: Hendrik van Gilse van der Pals (1856 - 1928),荷蘭領事,此後長時間留在van Gilse van der Pals家族,一個著名的荷蘭-芬蘭結合收藏家及音樂家的家族。

這只來自"Phantasieuhren"(美輪美奐鍾錶)意義深遠的懷錶,是全球僅存八只水蜜桃造型之一,其中六只作為正反鏡像的對錶,被極權威性的博物館及收藏家珍貴的保存,有幾只還以芒果命名:

一對早期無品牌印記的懷錶,現為一位私人收藏家擁有,最早是Sandberg的收藏系列之一(詳細資料,可參考Terence Camerer-Cuss "The Sandberg Watch Collection"的第432頁至第433頁)。 另一對由Hans Wilsdorf/Rolex基金會收藏,這對錶有Ilbery品牌印記及機芯號6494和6495(詳細資料,可參考n Alfred Chapuis "Montres et Émaux de Genève" - Collection H. Wilsdorf, Lausanne 1944 此書中的第138頁至第139頁)。第三對同樣出自Ilbery鐘錶家的名錶,則收藏於日內瓦的百達翡麗博物館內。這三對水蜜桃造型懷錶都曾出借給百達翡麗博物館,此博物館在2010年5月15日至10月16日以"Le Miroir de la Séduction" - Prestigieuses paires de montres "chinoise"主題的展覽會中,展出這三對珍貴的懷錶,詳情可參閱該館的展覽圖錄第82-83頁,第90-91頁及第92-93頁。

在構圖草案裏,絕大部份的水蜜桃造型懷錶,都以正反镜像的琺瑯對錶呈現,主要是針對中國的精深文化而來,成雙成對給人一種完美無缺的象徵。

這款美輪美奐的懷錶,憑著來自大自然的靈感,於18世紀至19世紀的前三階段在日內瓦特別為中國市場製造完成。這種抽象的草圖和裝飾設計的動機,成了世界的時尚主流,而且完全沒有受到時間的變遷而減少一絲一毫。這份來自大自然和日常生活的靈感,也一直不斷創新,構思新的裝飾動機,譬如宇宙天體造型,帽子和鞋子,樂器,動物,植物,各式各樣水果等等不同風格的造型。

儘管他設計了多種風格的裝飾造型,但這款水蜜桃造型懷錶對於中國人,有種極重要的象徵意義: 即所謂的壽桃,象徵福如東海,壽比南山。

William Ilbery (約1760 – 1839)於1780年在倫敦Goswell街展開他的事業,而後遷至Duncan Terrace街,倫敦的James Cox專業鐘錶家以及瑞士的 Pierre Jaquet-Droz 專業鐘錶家都是他學習的榜樣,也奠定他專為中國市場製造奢華錶款的事業。剛開始時,他的純鉑金機芯和複式擒縱,完全沿襲了強烈的英國傳統文化,後來的機芯設計,就有Lepine-Kaliber的風格,這種設計款式,也曾被倫敦的Jaquet-Droz 和 William Anthony 運用過。Ilbery請日內瓦最優秀的琺瑯工藝大師如Jean-Francois-Victor Dupont 和Jean-Louis Richter來繪製他懷錶的錶殼,作工精湛且華麗無比,機芯雕飾上,則在瑞士的Fleurier市完成同樣奢華耀眼,充滿亞洲風情,在Fleurier市的其他鐘錶家如播威和Juvet也都追隨他的作風。所以Ilbery的作品被稱為"中國鐘錶"的其中之一,著實受之無愧。縱使Ilbery主要在倫敦發展事業,他仍熱衷和世界各地商業人士密切往來,所以他的鐘錶中,也會出現"Ilbery Paris"(Ilbery 巴黎)的品牌印記,或倫敦的Ilbery & Son,瑞士行政院區,Fleurier市等印記 。


Ilbery, London

, Movement No. 6654, 62 x 88 mm, 159 g, circa 1810

A gold and enamel watch of museum quality studded with half pearls, created for the Chinese market: "The Peach". To the best of our knowledge this is one of only eight such pieces in the world and at the same time the largest and most extravagant of the surviving peach watches. This example seems to be the most important and most valuable Ilbery watch on the market today.


Case: gold enamel and half pearls. Dial: enamel. Movm.: bridge movement according to Lepine, keywind, gilt, lavishly florally engraved, signed, lavishly florally engraved going barrel, duplex escapement, three-arm steel balance with screws and trapezoid weights, open-worked balance cock with finely floral engravings, chatoned diamond endstone on balance.

The case back is covered with painted enamel in subtly fading hues to resemble the fruit. Two translucent green enamel leaves rise from the pendant set with half pearls. The stem, forming a loop for the pendant, is also studded with half pearls of different sizes and shapes.
The white enamel dial on the front is framed by a light green border with drop-shaped translucent red enamel ornaments. The case band is ornamented with a border of tiny half pearls. The dial has Roman numerals, heart-shaped gold hands and centre seconds.
Pushing a small button opens the case back and reveals the richly decorated translucent and opaque enamel gold dome. It has a blue and white geometrical pattern in the centre within a border of black enamelling with golden foliage of wine and translucent enamel grapes.
The movement with its Chinese duplex escapement and the lavish floral engravings is typical for Ilbery's Workshop. The movement is signed by Ilbery and numbered 6654.

Provenance: This watch has most of the time been in a Dutch-Finnish well known collector and musician family, van Gilse van der Pals, beginning with the Dutch consul Hendrik (1856 - 1928) and further on inherited within this family until now.

Hendrik van Gilse van der Pals, from a merchant family of Rotterdam, was a rubbermanufacturer and honorary consul for the Netherlands in St Petersburg until he (temporarily) settled on his estates in Finland because of the Russian revolution. The wealthy industrialist household participated actively in the musical life of St Petersburg. At their 'palace' they organised concerts with composer Anton Arensky and pianist and conductor Willem Mengelberg. Van der Pals met people like Gustav Mahler und Alexander Glazunov. His oldest son Leopold van Gilse van der Pals (1884-1966) was a composer and moved to Berlin and Switzerland where he worked primarily with Rudolf Steiner. His second son Maximiliaan Hendrik van Gilse van der Pals (1885-1966) became agriculturalist on the Laakspohja estate near Lohja in Finland. He married Sara Stjernvall, daughter of the Russian Railway Minister Knut Stjernvall (Nikolaev Railway).
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/‌wiki/ Nicola%C3%AF_van_Gilse_van_d​er_Pals, as of 04/28/2016.

This highly important timepiece is a so-called fantasy watch and one of only eight remaining pieces in the world that have this form of a peach. Six of them were created as mirror pairs and are held by important museums and collections, although sometimes they are regarded as 'mango fruits'.
An early pair of peaches is held today in a private collection, but it is unsigned. It used to be part of the Sandberg Collection (described and illustrated in Terence Camerer Cuss' "The Sandberg Watch Collection", pages 432-433). Another pair of watches formed like peaches is in the Hans Wilsdorf Collection/Rolex. That pair is signed by Ilbery and numbered 6494 and 6495 (described and illustrated in Alfred Chapuis "Montres et Émaux de Genève" - Collection H. Wilsdorf, Lausanne 1944, pages 138-139). The third known pair is held by the Patek Philippe Museum in Geneva and is signed by Ilbery as well.
These three pairs of gold enamel peaches were on loan to the exhibition "Le Miroir de la Séduction" - Prestigieuses paires de montres "chinoise" held at the Patek Philippe Museum in Geneva from May 15 to Oktober 16, 2010 (see the exhibition catalogue pages 82-83, 90-91 and 92-93).

Most of the peaches were manufactured as pairs of mirror-image gold enamel pocket watches to ensure that the contemporary taste was met as well as the Chinese penchant for duality, which symbolizes cosmic wholeness.

Inspired by nature, these fantasy watches were produced for the Chinese market in Geneva at the end of the 18th and in the early 19th century. Imaginative shapes and decorative motifs were popular and the artists were incredibly creative in their work. Inspiration was found in nature and everyday objects. This led to a great variety of new decorative subjects such as heavenly bodies, hats, shoes, musical instruments, animals, plants and various fruit.
In addition to being a highly decorative subject the peach has an important status in Chinese tradition: among humans the peach symbolises long life, among gods it symbolizes immortality.

William Ilbery (circa 1760 - 1839) began working in Londons Goswell Street in 1780 and moved to Duncan Terrace later. Influenced by the examples of James Cox in London and Pierre Jaquet-Droz in Switzerland, Ilbery specialized in producing luxury watches for the Chinese Market. At first he very much adhered to the traditional English style with its full plate movement and duplex escapement. For later movements Ilbery took his inspiration from the Lepine caliber with free-standing barrel, as did Jaquet-Droz with the watches he signed in London and William Anthony in London. Ilbery had the cases of his watches exquisitely decorated by the best enamellers from Geneva such as Jean-Francois-Victor Dupont or Jean-Louis Richter. William Ilbery initiated the production of opulently engraved movements for the Asian market in Fleurier in Switzerland; other makers in Fleurier such as Bovet and Juvet followed his example. Ilbery should therefore be considered one of the most renowned makers of the so-called "Chinese watches". Although he worked mainly in London, Ilbery kept in close contact with the trade in other countries; a watch signed "Ilbery Paris" is known and Ilbery & Son are recorded in London and Fleurier as well as in Canton.
#42742
錶殼 非常好, 輕微剝落
錶盤 非常好
机蕊 非常好, 走動正常, 建議整修


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