Attributed to Bovet à Fleurier, 63 mm, 164 g, circa 1850
An extremely rare, large and heavy gold enamel 8 day movement pocket watch with caliber Tixier for the Chinese market. To the best of our knowledge there are only a few other watches with Tixier caliber left.
Case: gilt, half pearl-set pendant, the back side opaque enamelled, polychrome enamel plaque with a fine composition of summer flowers, reeded band, rim with applied half pearls, glazed movement. Dial: enamel, radial Roman numerals, centre seconds, filigree, blued, flower-decorated hands. Movm.: unusual bridge movement, keywind, steel, ground, 2 going barrels, duplex escapement, three-arm steel balance.
Jean Tixier à Fleurier
Jean Tixier was born in France and came to Fleurier around 1850 where he became an important figure to produce goods for the Chinese market; it was due to his influence that the design of the movements for this market changed quite considerably. Tardy lists the name Jean Tixier - and we can assume that the entry refers to this Tixier – for a village watchmaker at Clermont-Ferrand. He is recorded to have worked there from 1840 to 1854; then the Frenchman presumably moved to Fleurier. In Fleurier he was soon involved in the production of goods for the Chinese marked and made important changes to the movements designed for this customer group. Tixier used a symmetrically laid-out movement and updated the existing so-called "Chinese" caliber with a 3/4-plate. He created a number of calibers, some with an 8 day power reserve. His caliber was also used when in 1858 Pelaz, a maker from Geneva decided to enamel movements for the Chinese market.
Case: very good, pearl missing