Stefano Scaguller, Venice, 980 x 680 x 250 mm, circa 1720
Impressive Venetian Early Baroque-style table clock with date, alarm and quarter hour / hour self strike: "Last Judgement" Case: wood, gilded, three-dimensional carving. Antithetical portrayal of the last judgement, volute, rocaille and acanthus ornamentation. On the very top is a gesturing figure of Jesus Christ; left are the virgin Mary with a putto holding an open book at her feet, and a figure plunging down towards purgatory, held by the arms by a putto. To the right of the clock is the cross of Christ held aloft by a putto. Below are a figure of Satan with a book, averting his eyes and a putto with a plumed helmet and a shield, pushing a figure towards purgatory. The construction sits on four feet on square bases which are surrounded by flames and burning figures. The scene is framed by a banner: "Ecce cum venerit in maiestate sua iudicare terram tollet impios de medio iustorum dies magna et amara valde Iustus es domine et rectum iudicium tuum" ("And he shall come in glory to judge the world and separate the just from the ungodly on this great and bitter day. Lord, you are just and fair is your judgement"). A knob for stopping the self strike above the dial. Dial: silver chapter ring with inlaid radial Roman hours, gilt and frosted centre with window for date at "XII", alarm disc, blued hands. Movm.: rectangular brass full plate movement, signed, baluster movement pillars, large barrel, string winding for alarm, 2 hammers / 2 bells, verge escapement, silk suspended short pendulum.
Stefano Scaguller (or Scaguler) was a clock maker who worked in Venice in the first half of the XVIII century. His clocks were very accurate devices built into fine wooden cases. The mechanisms were very elaborate and had special functions such as an alarm that, after being wound up, rang at the same time for some days and also stopped after a certain time. Once more a timekeeper with an unusual construction - a barrel drives the movement as well as both the quarter and the hour strike.
The Zammatto family in Padua has a clock signed by Scaguler with wooden wheels that dates back to 1746. A private collector from Bologna owns another clock made of walnut wood from India. An antiquarian from Milan possesses a clock with different astronomic indications. Source: Enrico Morpurgo, "Dizionario degli Orologial Italiani (1300-1800)", Rome 1950.
Estimate 50,000 - 70,000 €
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